The environment required for different growth stages of cannabis is different. A suitable environment can promote the growth of cannabis. An unsuitable environment is likely to cause our efforts to fail. Before understanding the growth stages of cannabis, we have to briefly understand the structure of cannabis.
Do you know the structure of the cannabis plant?
The root at the bottom is where the plant grows most, and it is also the main channel for plants to obtain inorganic substances. This is where plants are most vulnerable, and root damage is fatal.
From the root to the top is the stem. The stem is the main structural support of cannabis and the large artery of cannabis. Inorganic matter is transported to the whole body through the stem, and organic matter is transported to the root through the stem. The increase in plant yield, appearance changes, grafting and plant cloning are all based on changes to the stem.
Branches will grow on the stem, and we call this branching point a node. There are many possibilities for stem node differentiation, which can probably be understood as animal joints, which may grow branches or calyxes, or may differentiate into another stem.
The stem grows a relatively thin strip-like structure at the stem node. This strip-like structure is called a branch. Leaves grow on the branch. The main function of the branch is similar to that of the stem. It is stimulated by a large amount of auxin. It may differentiate into stems.
The highest part of the cannabis structure and the stem nodes will grow cannabis flowers, but these flowers do not bloom and only stay at the calyx stage. We call the female flower bud, which is the marijuana we smoke. The aggregates formed by these spores on the top of the plant center are extremely large and large. The English world calls it Cola. Its THC concentration and quality are the highest in the entire plant, and its hallucinogenic power is the highest.
After the pollen of the male flower enters the calyx of the female flower, it will fertilize the female flower, and the female flower will start to conceive seeds. Finally, when the female cannabis is about to wither, the cannabis seeds will mature.
After the seed germinates, it will grow into a new cannabis plant.
The structural differentiation of plants is actually very fine, but knowing these main structures is enough for us to understand the growth stages of cannabis.
Do you know the growth cycle of cannabis?
The growth stage of cannabis is divided into 6 cycles. All of our planting methods are applied in these 6 cycles. Familiar with these cycles can help you understand various planting methods faster and better, and then make your planting more effectiveness.
- Germination period. (In fact, the seeds have a dormancy period before germination, but as a subtropical plant, the results of studying the dormancy period are more used for the preservation of the seeds, which is of little significance to the cultivation of hemp. When planting roses, you must study the dormancy period. Seeds need to be refrigerated before planting to germinate) This is the initial growth stage of cannabis. The embryo of the seed splits, the root stretches out to fix itself in the soil, and the stem stretches out to push the rest of the seed out of the soil, and grow to At a certain height, the embryo leaf separates into two pieces, and the seed coat falls off. The success of this stage directly determines the survival of cannabis. After the successful passing, cannabis has a certain tolerance and resistance to the outside world, and then enters the seedling stage. The duration of this phase is approximately 12 hours to 3 weeks.
- Seedling stage. The embryo leaves turn green, the stem is straight, and the plant enters the seedling stage. The first two leaves of the plant grow from the embryonic leaf. Then the rhizome continued to grow, the stem began to grow knots, and more leaves and branches grew out. During this period, the plant as a whole is relatively weak. The initial embryo leaves may fall off, and the plant will have 4 to 8 leaves for one to three weeks.
- Growth period. Plants in this period will absorb more energy and nutrients into the accelerated growth phase. The stems will become thicker and stronger, the leaves will become larger and more numerous, and the growth will proceed at a considerable speed for the naked eye. This period determines the size of the plant and has a great influence on the final yield. Plants in this period are the strongest, and have the strongest resistance and resilience to the outside world. Many operations were performed during this period. Plants begin to show their gender. Lasts from 1 month to 5 months.
- Pre-flowering period. This period is a preparation period before the plant blooms. During this period, we will obviously feel that the growth rate of the plant slows down, and the calyx will grow at the stem node. This stage lasts about 1 to 2 days. During this period, we should start to change the plant’s environment to make it more conducive to flowering rather than growing.
- Flowering period. During this period, the calyx begins to mature, the male’s calyx begins to split and spread pollen into the air, and the female’s calyx will stretch out the pistil to try to receive pollen. In addition, a white drop-like viscous liquid is produced around the female’s calyx. This liquid contains a large amount of THC and is our main harvest. The adjustment of plant environment during this period directly affects plant yield. It lasts about 4 to 16 weeks.
- Breeding period. During this period, the male calyx will spread pollen in a large amount. The fertilized female calyx will give birth to new seeds until it matures. The unfertilized female calyx will secrete more organic matter to try to fertilize. After 2 weeks to 16 weeks, the pods that conceive the seeds will change color, and the skin of the seeds will also change color. The plants begin to show wilting and eventually wilt. Choosing the right harvest timing during this period will greatly affect the proportion of various active substances in the harvested species, and will have the greatest impact on the taste and perception after inhalation.
The adjustments of temperature, lighting, nutrient solution ratio, and humidity are all changed around these 6 stages. Most of our planting techniques are concentrated in the middle and late stages. Understanding and distinguishing the growth period of plants can provide us with a clear and unmistakable guiding ideology when planting.