You can easily start to plant vegetables in a pot but a few points you should pay attention to for growing skillfully.After reading this article,with facility,with high proficiency,you could taste what you plant.
Key points of ‘plant vegetables in a pot’
Plant with good ventilation in sufficient sunshine
The most important point of plant vegetables in a pot is Good ventilation and sufficient sunshine,and movable container planting can perfectly meet this demand.No matter balcony,porch,terrace,backyard or roof,basically you should put the pot in the sunshine.
However,even if planted in shadow,some vegetables such as Spinach, Komatsu greens, Chrysanthemum can also grow normally.-Example,Celery can grow in shade,select the most suitable place for each kind of vegetables would be the best solution.
You should keep the soil on the surface wet enough and remember to fertilize in time.
After putting the seeds into the soil or transplanting,it is very important to water and fertilize in a right way.Therefore,you should consider the convenience of watering when you select the planting place.The criterion of watering is:only watering when the soil is dry.
Someone has ever said that ‘you should water the plant 3 times after transplanting’,it is a misconception which would rot the roots.Overwatering causes rotten roots because air inside the soil would well out from the bottom and then the roots would be lack of oxygen.
On the other hand,overwatering will also cause the nutrient losses in such a small container where the soil is not as much as the field.
In this case,top dressing is a very important task,500 times concentration liquid fertilizer would help it grow up.
Add 10 gram for Every 10 L soil.
Choose the best time for Cultivation
Sowing and transplanting time of vegetables differs from one another.To harvest,you should follow the cultivation table and laws of nature.
Step 1 of ‘Plant vegetables in a pot’:Types of containers and necessary tools
Types of containers
The containers for growing plants are calledd’Pots’.However,according to materials,pots are classified as Sukiyaki pot/Plastic pot/Wooden pot/Metal pot/Concrete pot/Non-Woven Planting Bags.
Tips:considering shapes/capacity/weight/price to choose the right pot.
Example:For the plants of which the lower part is weak,you should choose the light pots such as plastic pots.However,compare to materials,the size of the pots is more important.
Pots classified by size:
Small pots:contain 5-8 L soil
Medium pots:contaion 10-15 L soil
Large pots:contain 25-30L soil
Largest pots:Depth is more than 30cm
Select the right pots for different vegetables.
The more soil a pot can contain,the better the plants will grow,but you should consider the space utilization rate.
- Small shovel
- Pruning shears
- watering can
- Liquid fertilizer
- Pot bottom net
STEP 2 of ‘Plant vegetables in a pot’:Selection of soil and soil mixture
Soil with Good Drainage and Breathability
Pot planting meets a problem of containing much less soil to field or yard growing,therefore,drainage and breathability are very important in this case.
The key point of container planting is preparation the right soil for different vegetables.To create a suitable grow basic with soft soil/right PH/enough fertilizer,beginners can buy some soil,hummus,compost,vermiculite from store.Of cause,you can diy soil,shop some raw materials from gardening shop,diy from zero,it is very interesting to do that.
What’s more,you can reuse the soil if you are skilled.
Mixture of soil for different vegetables
To make the soil for cultivation,you should mix some different kind of soils.The basic types of soil (50%-60%)would be red jade soil/black soil/field soil of which water retention and fertility retention are very good.
Organically improved soil such as compost/hummus with good drainage and breathability accounts for 30-40% of the total amount.
Vermiculite, mortar, sand, etc. should account for 10% of the total amount.Lime is used to adjust the pH, and the nutrient supplement is composed of a mixture of organic fertilizer and chemical fertilizer.
Mixed soil for Leafy Greens:
Red jade soil(Japanese volcanic soil）50-60%
Add 1-2 grams of lime and fertilizer for each liter of soil.
Mixed soil for Root Greens:
Red jade soil(Japanese volcanic soil）50-60%
Add 2 grams of lime and fertilizer for each liter of soil.
Mixed soil for Fruit:
Red jade soil(Japanese volcanic soil）40-60%
Add 3 grams of lime and fertilizer for each liter of soil.
Mixed soil for Tubers
Red jade soil(Japanese volcanic soil）40-60%
Add 1 grams of lime and fertilizer for each liter of soil.
About the types of fertilizers and pests when plant vegetables in a pot
Fertilizers can be roughly divided into organic fertilizers formed from animals and plants and chemical fertilizers synthesized in the chemical industry.
Organic fertilizer sold in the mall
Including animal fertilizers (fish bones, bone meal, earthworm excrement, etc.) and plant fertilizers (oil residue, rice bran, etc.). Both are absorbed by the soil after the microorganisms decompose in the soil, and the fertilizer effect is slow. Organic fertilizer has the effect of improving the physical properties of the soil and can be used as a base fertilizer.
Quick-acting is its characteristic. The recommended fertilizer is a mixture of nitrogen fertilizer, phosphoric acid, and potash fertilizer. Granular, easy to topdress.
N (nitrogen fertilizer), P (phosphoric acid), K (potash fertilizer) are mixed into a ratio of 15:15:15 or a ratio of 8:8:8.Liquid fertilizers are also very fast-acting,It can be diluted five hundred times for top dressing in potted plants.
However, excessive topdressing of chemical fertilizers can cause root burns or the phenomenon of only growing vines without swelling.
Therefore, do not apply a large amount of topdressing at one time. Separate the base fertilizer and topdressing, and apply chemical fertilizers periodically according to the growth of the plants.
About diseases and pests
Most vegetables grown from autumn to winter belong to the rape family, and it is necessary to take measures to combat diseases and pests. Representative pests include caterpillars, diamondback moths, cabbage larvae, and aphids. Once neglected, there will be “the leaves are bitten out, leaving only the veins, or net-like cabbage and cabbage”, “the core part is bitten off, stop growing radish” and so on.
From sowing, transplanting to harvesting, we must fight tirelessly against pests and diseases.
However, because it is a home garden, everyone wants to grow safe and pollution-free vegetables. Therefore, as the first element of preventing diseases and insect pests, it is necessary to maintain good ventilation and drainage, and strive to prevent it.
Second, cold yarn can be used for cultivation. Use physical methods to prevent the invasion of insect pests. Third, catch and kill pests and use safe drugs. In addition, the biological pesticide BT solvent can be used to kill Plutella xylostella and caterpillars. The oleic acid solution of soapy water can be used to kill aphids. The starch solution with starch as the main body can be used to kill ticks. Potassium bicarbonate aqueous solution can be used. Safe medicine with natural ingredients to treat powdery mildew.
When using ordinary medicines, read the instructions carefully. Strictly comply with the requirements for crops, concentration, frequency, spraying period, etc. in the instructions, and wear masks, glasses, gloves and other protective devices to prevent body absorption when spraying.
On the balcony of the apartment, in order not to spread the medicine to the nearby area, do not spray it in strong winds. Cover the objects that may be contaminated with vinyl before spraying.
About night lighting
When planting golden yellow lettuce or spinach on the balcony or courtyard, even before the harvest season, there will be core-pulling or quality degradation.
This is due to the effect of the nearby street lights and door lights that are bright all night, which makes the sunshine time increase, grow flower buds. This is easily overlooked, and it is commonly found in lettuce and spinach. It should be planted in a place where the street lights will not be illuminated at night.
The difficulty of vegetable cultivation
There are more than 150 kinds of vegetables available for planting, but not all vegetables are suitable for potting. The following is a brief introduction to the vegetables suitable for potting from the degree of difficulty and the size of the pot.
Types with simple cultivation methods
Vegetables with simple cultivation methods mainly refer to plants with a short cultivation period from seeding (transplanting) to harvest. Spinach, Komatsu greens, Chrysanthemum chrysanthemum, water vegetables, greens, lettuce, green onions, water radishes, radishes, strawberries, etc. can be harvested within 30-50 days. These vegetables can be cultivated in standard pots.
Types with difficult cultivation methods
Longer-growth melons and fruits are more difficult to cultivate. Specifically, there are cabbage, onion, broccoli, radish, broad bean, peas, tomato, cucumber, eggplant, green pepper, watermelon, melon, bitter gourd, etc.
Planting these plants requires large or deep pots. For example, the roots of radishes can grow to more than 20 cm. Using deep pots or bags will help them grow.
In addition, due to the long growth cycle, pay attention to frequent watering and fertilization. In particular, peas, broad beans, onions, etc. can be harvested in the spring of the following year after overwintering, but the joy of harvesting chubby onions is also unforgettable.