Cannabis varieties around the world
Cannabis originated in India, Bhutan and Central Asia Minor, and then migrated to Africa, East Asia and the Americas. After long-term geographic isolation, natural and artificial selection, large differences between populations have been formed. Three species are defined in the botanical cannabis genus. A positive species of cannabis, the ancestor of all cannabis, and two subspecies that are acquired.
Indian hemp is the orthodox species of cannabis (scientific name: Cannabis sativa L.). It is one to three meters in height and contains a certain level of hallucinogenic ingredients, which can be used for medicine or fiber. There are many specific uses, and wild plants exist in many parts of Southeast Asia.
The cannabis produced near South America is the subspecies Sativa (scientific name: ssp. sativa). Plants of this subspecies are tall, up to 6 meters or more, with thick stems and longer and larger leaves. They are mainly used for fiber production and have low levels of hallucinogenic ingredients. The male plants have strong branches and can even be used to build ships and houses.
The cannabis from northern Africa to Egypt is the subspecies of Cannabis Indica (scientific name: ssp. Indica). The height of this subspecies is less than 1.5 meters, the content of hallucinogenic components is the highest, the branches are relatively soft and delicate, and the leaves are dense. And contains high levels of hemp oil. Mainly used as medicine.
Many people now confuse the orthodox species of cannabis with the subspecies of Indica cannabis. Because many of the modern botany in Asia were compiled by Soviet botanists, which are different from European doctrines.
In reality, there are more than hundreds of types of cannabis, not just pure Indica or Sativa cannabis. The breeders combine the medicinal properties of Indeca cannabis and the tallness of Sativa cannabis to cultivate what they want. characteristic.
Even on Taobao, China’s first online shopping platform, cannabis can be searched (try “yunma”, “hemp”, and “line hemp”), but the THC content of these plants has been lower than that after long-term manual selection. 0.3%, it is difficult to play a hallucinogenic effect.
The chemical composition of cannabis
The chemical composition of cannabis is very complex (the research on cannabinoids in various countries is very private, and many research results are confidential), mainly composed of lipids, flavonoids, terpenes, hydrocarbons, non-cyclic phenols, biological Alkali, silver citrate and cyclic cannabinol, etc., the content of which cannot be determined at all, varies in different species, even in different parts of the same plant. There are at least 400 known chemical substances in cannabis plants, among which there are more than 60 cannabinoids, and more than 20 can be isolated. Cannabidiol is also called cannabinoid.
The most obvious manifestation of phenolic compounds for us is the smell, a very strong smell.
Among them, there are three compounds: cannabidiol CBN, cannabidiol CBD, and tetrahydrocannabinol THC are all active substances that are recognized as having obvious effects on the human mind or body.
Cannabidiol CBN is not psychoactive (will not let you fly), it is a degradation product of tetrahydrocannabinol THC, fresh cannabis contains very little content, and the market price is high.
It has the effects of calming, aiding sleep and relieving pain. The side effects include dizziness, fatigue, loss of appetite and lethargy.
Cannabidiol CBD has no psychoactive, but has medical value such as relieving anxiety, relaxing, improving depression, and inhibiting addiction. Many institutions have begun to study the use of CBD to quit smoking. There are many CBD-related toiletries on the market that claim to be able to care for the skin. Many pharmaceutical companies in the world are eager for CBD, and many studies are being carried out around CBD.
THC is psychoactive and can directly act on the brain after entering the human body, making the nerves active or suppressing the nerves, making people feel happy or calm. And it also acts on the memory area of the brain, affecting people’s short-term memory. The specific reaction varies from person to person, and may include euphoria, dullness, hunger, dizziness, dry eyes, dry mouth, increased heart rate, drowsiness, deviations in the perception of space or time, anxiety, and paranoia.
When THC accumulates in a large amount in our brain, it will stimulate the central nervous system very strongly and suppress the sensory nerves, which makes us feel like flying.
Every time we smoke marijuana, we actually use our body to absorb these known and unknown cannabinoids, and use our body to comprehensively feel these cannabinoids. THC will make us HIGH, and other cannabinoids will also affect our perception, but they will not let them. We are HIGH, but by smoking marijuana, the feeling we get is comprehensive.
The content, concentration, and composition of cannabinoids in different varieties are different. Of course, the content and concentration of THC are also different, which brings us very different feelings.
Therefore, dear readers, if you have only been exposed to a fixed number of cannabis and a fixed number of smoking methods before, then you have only been exposed to the tip of the iceberg of the cannabis world.